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Nursing Home Quality, Staffing, and Malpractice Paid-Losses

By: Dr. Mei Zhao, PhD, MHA and Dr. Rob Haley, PhD, MBA, MHS

Litigation activity against Florida’s nursing home providers increased dramatically over the past two decades. This has been a significant concern for policy makers and nursing home administrators as they attempt to balance the realities of negligent behavior with its impact on the overall cost and quality of long-term care. This study uses Medicare Cost Report data and OSCAR (Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting) data for Florida’s nursing facilities over a five-year period from 2001 to 2005 to examine the effect of quality and staffing on malpractice paid-losses. The results from the multiple regression analyses indicate that staffing levels are strongly associated with paid-losses for malpractice claims. Nursing homes with higher registered nurse to resident ratios are less likely to experience malpractice paid-losses. In contrast, higher nursing assistant to resident ratios are significantly related to higher probability of malpractice paid-losses. The effect of total deficiency on malpractice is not significant. Theses findings suggest that increases in more skilled nurse staffing are associated with lower likelihood of nursing home malpractice paid-losses. However, nursing homes need to balance the overall cost and quality of their facilities related to staffing and malpractice litigations.

Zhao, M., and R. Haley. “Nursing home quality, staffing, and malpractice paid-losses.” Journal of Health Care Finance. 38.1 (2011): 1-10. Web. 15 Jul. 2013.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22043643

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